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Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from

Allen County Public Library Genealogy Center


3 1833 01811 9856



B >ard ol Aldermen <■■■■• Ri















WBtCtfittt, P»55.


311 Main Street.





Illustrations 4

Explanation How to Trace thk Line of Descent 5

Ersata 6

Preface 7

Benjamin Crane of Wethersfield, Conn., and Descendants . 9

John Crane of Coventry, Conn., and Descendants 241

Jasper Crane of New Haven, Conn., and Newark, N. J., and

Descendants 295

Stephen Crane of Elizabethtown, N. J., and Descendants 467

Addenda .... 557

Thomas Crane of Richmond, N. H., and Descendants .... 557

Asa and Jesse Crane of Buidport, Vt., and Descendants . . 561

Moses Crane of Edinburgh, N. Y., and Descendants .... 569

Moses Crane of N. Y. Citt, Detroit, Mich., and Descendants 571

Thomas G. Crane of Cape Mat, N. J., and Descendants . . 572 Dr. Joel Crane of Newark, N. J., and Sooth Britain, Conn.,

and Descendants 573

Elijah Crane of N. Y. City and Adrian, Mich., and De- scendants 573

John P. Crane of Newark, N. J., and Descendants 574

Moses Crane, who Married Lydia Jones, and Descendants . 574 Joseph Crane, Mifflin Co., Pa., who Married Mary Smiley,

and Descendants 574

Capt. Ambrose Grain, Lancaster, Pa., and Descendants . . 577

John Craln, Harrisburg, Pa., and Descendants 577

Benjamin Crain, Oglethorpe Co., Ga., and Descendants . . 578

Benjamin Crane, Harrisburg, Pa., and Descendants . . . 579

Andrew Crain, Pa., and Descendants 579

Lewis Chane, Newark, N. J., and Descendants . ... 579 George Crane, who Married Catharine Quiggle, Pa., and

Descendants 580

Thomas Crane, St. Mary's Co., Md., and Descendants ... 582

Judge Peter W. Crane, Baltlmore, Md 583

Capt. John Crain, Fauquier Co., Va 584

Lewis Crain, Hampshire Co., W. Va 589

James Crain, Stanton, Va 589

William Crane of Memphis, Tenn 590

Thomas Crane of Va 590

James Crane of N. C 590

Richard Crane of Va 591

Abel Crain and Orange Crain ... 591

Index I. to Cranes, Descendants of Benjamin 593

I. to Intermarriages of Benjamin's Descendants . . . 601

II. to Cranes, Descendants of John 611

II. to Intermarriages of Descendants of John .... 614

III. to Cranes, Descendants of Jasper 616

III. to Intermarriages of Jasper's Descendants .... 625

IV. to Cranes, Descendants of Stephen 630

IV. to Intermarriages of Stephen's Descendants . . . 636

V. to Cranes in Addenda 639




2 Addison Muses Crane ... . 206

3 Anna s. Crane ... 226

4 Azor Belden Chine . . . 198

5. Charles Eugene Crane . . . . 22;

6 Clara Fidelia Crane Wachtkii . .... 397

7. David Orvllle Crane ... ... 22il

Doiiothy Norton (Taylor Law . . ... 403

9. Edna Crane . .... 227

10. Edward Lewis Crane . . . . 400

11. Ellery Bicknell Crane . Opposite Title Pane.

12. Frank Snow Crane ... 227

13. Franklin Loomis Crane 186

11 Franklin Loomis Crank, 3d 22t!

15. Gabriel Crane 395

16. George Beldbn Crane . . . 203

17. George Woolsky Crane 227

1- Harrison Horton Crane . 462

19. Harry J. Crane 187

Henry Jarvts Crane . . . 443

21. Henry Lewis Crane 444

Homer Crane Blake . . 151

23. Horace Alonzo Crane . . . 238

24. Ira Crane ... . 230

25. James Harvey Crane ... 44:!

26. James Madison Crani 440

27. Jesse Howell Crane . . 187

28 Joslah Elmer Crane . . . . . . 439

29. .Iosiah Leonard Crane . . .399

30. Lydia Owen Crai.n Tenney 180

II. Mary Elizabeth Crane 226

2. Solomon Crane . 446

33. Thaddeds Crane House 50

34. Thomas Henry Crane 522

;'..".. William Alfred Crank ... 404

36. William Crane Hocse 313

37. William Henry Crane 439


Two Indexes have been prepared for descendants of each of the four progenitors. One giving the Christian names of Cranes, the other, names of persons who have intermarried with them ; alphabetically arranged.

Also an index of Christian names of Cranes found in the Addenda. In looking for a certain name, unless you know to which line the person belongs it will be necessary to examine each of the Ave indexes.

The number after the name is the consecutive number. Turn to this number in the body of the book and you will find the person's family record. If the person had no family the number will refer to the birth under the parent's name. If the Index does not give the name sought, And n;ime of the parent, and look through the list of the children. Some names came too late for numbering. Where there are several names alike, the year of birth placed before the name may help to indicate the one sought.

The bracketed [ ] number after the name of a parent refers to the number where the person appears as a child. After the name of a

parent the pedigree is indicated in parentheses ( ) with small figures

above, showing to what generation the name helongs, and giving the names back as far as the progenitor of the line.

The following abbreviations have been used: b. for born, m. for married, unm. for unmarried, (s. settled), d. for died.


Page 37, 5th line, read Glastonbury for Glassenbury. Page 120, 3d line, read Parmele for Parnele. Page 150, 5th to 11th line, read without parentheses. Page 189, 1st line, read Mary for Maria.

Page 190, 34th line, read Edward Martin for Edward Norton. Page 302, last two lines, read Huntington after Samuel and Hannah. Page 323, 29th line, read Croes for Cross. Page 333, last line, read William for Hugh. Page 345, after 698, Hannah Crane, read [265]. Page 370, after 1132-2, read Frances for Kraucis. Page 374, after 1184, Timothy Dwight Crane, read [588]. Page 385, 3d line from bottom, read 3 sons and 2 daughters. Page 386, in 3d line, read 8 children for 6 children. Page 386, after 1452-8, read Davis for Davie. Page 430, after 2223, Stephen, omit V.

Page 465, after 2741, Isabel W. Crane, read [2570] for [2624] Page 465, after 2742, Bessie K. Crane, read [2571], for [2625]. Page 486, 6th line from bottom, read Erastus D. Crosfleld for Erastus P. Crosrield. 309-4, after Orpha M. read Erastus D. Page 387, 315-10, after Samuel, read T. for F. Page 488, 365-6, omit in before the word Boston. Page 489, 392-4, read Bragaw for Brown. Page 490, 408-2, omit the words no children. Page 490, 414-2, read Heyt for Keyt.

Page 496, 530, after William Crane, read [213] for [212]. Page 510, 757-6, omit all after M. Moore. Page 510, 759-8, omit all after Sarah Briggs. Page 542, 1402, after Ann Maria Crane, read [919] for [917]


VOLUME I. of the Crane Family Genealogy, published in 1895, contains an article on Origin of the name Crane; copies of five different armorials belonging to the family ; a sketch of the Crane family in England, with pedigrees covering thirteen genera- tions, and a brief reference to the first of the name who came to New England, together with Henry Crane of Wethersfield and Guilford. Conn., and his descendants of nine generations; a list of Cranes who served in Connecticut as lawmakers and public officials ; also a list of members of the family who served in the French and Indian, as well as the Revolutionary war, from that State. There has been considerable delay in issuing the second volume, and no doubt some interested persons have become impatient to see the work in print. But the task of tracing the lines from live different progenitors has been no easy one. Special care has been exercised in keeping each line of descendants independent of the other, although they have in some instances intermarried, and in many cases resided for years in close proximity to each other. Volume II. has exceeded in size our most sanguine expectations, for the reason that the descendants of Jasper and Stephen Crane of New Jersey have so willingly assisted in supplying records from private sources that could in no other way be furnished. The early public records of New Jersey, so far as the writer's experience extends, furnish a very unsatisfactory field for the genealogist. During the early settlements there seems to have been no fixed system for recording births, marriages and deaths for preservation. Probate Records have supplied the greater portion of the early records for the descendants of Jasper and Stephen Crane. Some of the early church records, from which much was expected, were found to have been destroyed by fire. The lack of dates has caused a vast amount of trouble in estab- lishing the identity of certain members of the family. "Where

there seemed any doubt of the identification it has been ex- pressed in the context or by a foot-note.

Although the writer has given a vast amount of time, and a considerable sum from his means in prosecuting this work, still he is fully aware how difficult is the task of collecting material and compiling a work of this nature, and presenting it free from inaccuracies. Every effort has been made to avoid errors, and wherever different dates or conflicting statements have been received regarding the same event, which has frequently been the case, careful investigation has followed in order to determine if possible the correct statement to be used in the book. To the many friends who have in any way contributed to the encouragement of this work the writer would here express his profound gratitude. Among the names of those who have given special aid in its prosecution may be mentioned : Rev. Elias Nettleton Crane. Rev. Oliver Crane and James Eells Crane, all deceased; the latter died Nov. 19, 1893, in Phila- delphia, Pa. ; William M. Crane, Greenville, Mich. ; Stephen S. Crane, Maple Hill Farm, High Ridge, Conn. ; Harrison Horton Crane, Middletown. N. Y. ; Augustus S. Crane, Elizabeth, N. J. ; Miss A. J. Reed, Carmel, N. Y. ; Dorothy N. Law, Dixon, 111. ; Anna Russell Vance, Milwaukee, Wis. ; Henry Harmon Noble, Albany, N. Y. ; Horatio Grain, Key West, Fla. : and J. M. Crane, Kingwood, West Va.

Records of several families needing further proof to define their position in the body of the book have been placed in the Addenda with the hope that some of the descendants may be able to find the connecting link. In some instances the peculiar spelling of names has been retained, believing members of the families would prefer to have them presented in that way.


Worcester, Mass. January, 1900.


Windsor was probably the first town settled in Connecticut by the English, and Wethersfield next. The former made its beginuing in the year 1633 and the latter in 1634. The people who planted these towns were almost without exception from Massachusetts. In the year 1621 and for many years thereafter practically all settlers bound for New England lauded in the colony of New Plymouth or Massachusetts, and emigrated from there to the various settlements of their choice. For several years Windsor, Wethersfield and Hartford proved the chief attractions for settlers locating west of the Connecticut River, although a few planted themselves at Saybrook. Many of those who early settled at Wethersfield came from Watertown, Mass., while the towns of Cambridge and Dorchester furnished a con- siderable number of the families for Windsor, and Newtown furnished some for Hartford. The emigrants from Dorchester, Mass., named their town Dorchester, now Windsor. Wethersfield was called Watertown, and Hartford was called Newtown. But at the meeting of the General Court of the Connecticut colony in 1637 the present name was decided upon and adopted. This, however, was not the first session of the General Court of this colony Their first session was held April 26, 1636.

Rev. Henry Smith was the first settled minister in Wethersfield ; came there about the year 1636, but was not installed until the year 1640 or 1644. and died 1648.

The early records of Wethersfield are exceedingly interesting and voluminous, yet lack system and completeness. The records of births, with some deaths, are furnished from 1635 to about 1666 ; and after an interval of some years the record of deaths is again taken up with the year 1670, and the births and mar- riages about the year 1692. Subsequent to the year 1700 there seems to have been a more complete system of entries through- out all the departments. On the whole, however, the records at WTethersfield are perhaps in as good condition in all respects and


are as well preserved as the average of the early New England towns. The entries of dates of births of children of Benjamin Crane senior were apparently made eight years subsequent to the last birth, and records of lands assigned to or owned by Benja- min Crane, senior, in one or two instances, were also apparently entered some years after possession had been given ; a fact which, to say the least, shows a slack method of making import- ant records during the early life of the town. But the des- cendants of this progenitor may congratulate themselves that so much has been recorded and preserved to be used by them in rearing their genealogical tree.


1. Benjamin Crane, was in Wethersfleld, Conn., as early as 1655, and may have been there a few years earlier. According to the Records of the Particular Court, held at Hartford, March, 1655, he is defendant in a civil suit with John Sadler, pltf. ; also in June, 1656, he is defendant in another suit with Richard Montague. He was born about 1630; was made freeman May 12, 1658, at Wethersfleld. It is not positively known from whence he came to Wethersfleld, 'but Hinman in his " History of Connecticut Settlers " seems to think that he came from Massachu- setts, which statement all investigations thus far seem to warrant. February 24, 1656, the town gave him a home lot of 21- acres, more or less, bounded by the Common N. W., a brook and the home lot of John Graves N. E., the Common S. E., the high- way S. W. He also bought John Dixon's or Dickenson's land in the West Field, Sept. 14, 1664. The latter is said to have removed to Hadley 1659 or 1660. It appears that this last men- tioned tract of land was that on which the late home of Sam'l Coleman, deceased, stands, on Mud Lane. It was there when Mr. Crane built his dwelling-house and tanneries. The house was one of the six houses fortified by vote of the town in 1704. The town also gave him three acres of land on Beaver, now Tando's, Brook, in 1660; served as juror 1664 : drew land in the allot- ment of 1670, and purchased land of Daniel Rose, Dec. 8, 1671. Jauuary 15, 1673, he is rated among inhabitants of Wethersfleld to pav the town 0-4-5£; acquires more land next south of Job Whiteomb's, February 22, 1680, March 25, 1680, July 13, 1680; under latter date the land is located on the Connecticut River on road to Middletown and road to Rocky Hill.

May, 1682, Benjamin Crane with others petitioned the Gen- eral Court for liberty to " erect a plantation in the Wabaynassit country" (Windham County). It was proposed to have a '• Town Grant " ten miles square.

He married Mary Backus, daughter of William and Sarah (Charles) Backus, April 23, 1655, and carried on the tanning business about a mile below the village on the Middletown road. The spot for many years has been known as "Old Crane's Tannery Place." At his death. May 31, 1691, his son John succeeded to the business. She died July 8, 1717. Children:

2—1. Benjamin, born March 1, 1656; drowned June 20, U!93. 3—2. Jonathan, bom December 1, 1053. 4—3. Joseph, born April 1, 1661.


5 4. John, born April 30, 1663.

6—5. Elijah, born 1G65.

7 6. Abraham, born 1668.

8 7. Jacob, born 1670.

9 S. Israel, born November I, 1671.

10 a. Mary, born 1673.

August 22, 1689.

To al4 Christian persons to -whom this present writing shall come. Greeting. Know ye that Benjamin Crane senior of Wethersfield co Hartford in his magesties Territory and Domin- ion of New England in America, husbandman, for and in consideration of the love and affection that he hath and beareth to his beloved son John Crane of Wethersfield aforesaid. Tanner, and for and in consideration that the said John Crane shall pay unto the said Benjamin Crane the full and just sum of three pounds in good and merchantable corn or pork at the current price yearly every year during the natural life of said Benjamin Crane and for and in consideration that if the said Benjamin Crane shall see cause to build a well on his own land for the conviency of his new dwelling house at any time before his or his wife's decease that the said John Crane is to bear and pay half the charges and cost of the same and for divers other good causes and considera- tions herein the said Benjamin Crane hereunto hath given, granted, bargained, assigned set over and confirmed and doth by these presents fully clearly and absolutely give, grant, bargaiu assign, set over and confirm unto the said John Crane and unto his heirs and assigns forever all the estate right title, interest, use, property, possession, claim and demand what- ever the said Benjamin Crane hath or to come might, ought or should have in or to one piece of land situated in the bounds of Wethersfield.

Signed Feby. 28, 168S. Benjamin B C Crane, Senior.

Uis mark.

Under date of August 22, 1689, we find the following: To all Christian people to whom this writing shall come, Greeting, Know ye that Benjamin Crane senior of Wethersfield husbandman, for and in consideration of the love &c for his sou John Crane of Wethersfield Tanner, for and in consideration of the said John Crane shall pay to said Benjamin Crane three pounds in good and merchantable corn or pork at the current price yearly every year during the natural life of said Benjamin Crane and Mary the now wife of said Benjamin Crane I hereby give a part of the land where I live thirteen and one half rods in length from highway west to land of said Benjamin Crane, one and one half rod at east end and seven and one half rods wide at west end and joinds on land of Sgt John Kilnborne, with all workhouses, tan vats, water courses &c orchard trees &c

Benjamin B C Crane.

Ms mark.


About two years later Benjamin Crane, senior, died, and two years and twenty days from the date of his death his son Benjamin Crane, Jr., was drowned.

February 13, 1692, an inventory of the estate of Benjamin senior, deceased, was returned by his brother Henry Crane of Guilford and Killingworth, Conn., Jonathan Deming and Nathaniel Foot. Amount of the real, 408 pounds; personal, 150 pounds.

September 7, 1693, an account of the estate was exhibited in court, and the widow, with James Treat, appointed to administer on the estate. March 13, 1693-4 the division was ordered; widow to have one-third, Benjamin, the eldest son, two parts, each of the other children oue part ; Mr. James Treat, Lieut. Henry Crane and Mr. Nathaniel Foot, or any two of them, to divide it.

An iuueutory of the Estate of Beniamin Crane sener who Decesed May ye 31 in the year 1691. now 93

£ s d

In cash Ss and apparell £8 all att. 08 08

the best bed and bedstad with furniture 10 00

One down bed and bedstead and furniture to it 05 10

the bed and bedstead in the chamber and furniture 02 10

to one fether bed and bedstad with the furniture 05 10

11 One couerlid and rugg and blankit 01 05

" 6 pilows bears 12s and 6 napkins 14s and table

cloaths 12s 01 18

" aleaueu sheets at £5 and 2 bras cetels at £4 10s 09—10 " One warming pan 8s oue frying pan 4s. Stil-

yards 12s 01—04

" One great Iron pot 18s one pot 10s a little pot 5s

Iron Kettle 5s 01 ;,s

" tramiell and tongs 10s 2 tin pans 4s 2 tables 15s 01—09

" puter £3 15s one hechel 5s earthen ware 3s 6d 04 03 06

'• Wooden dishes and bonis and treushers 00 08

" 3 paels 6s and chars and cushens £1 04s 01 10

" chest 9s and Wheals 8s bareals in seler £1 01—17

•• one balel pork, one barel beefe 05 15

" to barels in the chamber and meal troughs meal

sines 01—02

" Anns and amunishion £4 one timber chain £1 5s 05 05 •• old Iron 8s branding Iron Is one short chain 3s

spaid 3s ]5

" Axes 9s one pillion 12s one sadle 10s one sadle 3s

one pannel 10s smoothing Iron and lamp 5s and sickles

01 14 100—15

1 ks £1 20 bushel wheat £4 20 bushel

£- 10s 07—10—00


to cart and wheals with the Iron work yoak and

cart rope 03 00 00

" 2 collers and 2 hors chans £1 10s plow Irons 03 15

" 2 Oxen £11 10s 2 three year old steers £6 one '

steer £2 19—10

" 2 cows £8 and one cow £3 10s and one heifer £2 13 10 " One mare and colt £3 10s one hors £4 one gray

hors £5 12—10

" one brake 4s one bell 4s two hoghs and one fork

00s 00—14

" to swine £2 15s and crop on the gronnde £6 8 15

" a hay knife and ^ of crosecott saw ami pease

hooks 1 0

" 3 sheep £1 10s 01—10

this inuentory was taken by us febrewery 13-1692.

Henry Crane The Widow Johnathan Deming

Benjamin Nathaniel Foote

Johnathan Joseph

Jo the nous and homestad that is with all the

Abram bouldiugs the tan hous excepted that belongs to Jacob John which he clame in his own wright which Isreal is recorded to hime with the land he stands Elijah posit of in his own wright Mary the housing and barn with three acors

of land at the frunt of whome lott with aportinances 100

L s d 17 acors of plowing land in the whome lott 120 00 00

from the highway that cros the Wests lott upon or

near the West swamp hill containing sixteen

acors or theirabouts at three pounds acor 48 00 00

the remainder of the lott containing about ten acors 10 00 00 the paustar ioyning to John Wadons his whome lott

at ten pounds acor by estimation 4 acors 40 00 00

one parsel called the nek. near becile meadow 4

acors 30—00—00

one parsel of swamp containing 3 acors 27

one parsel of land lying at rocke hill containing

twelve acors at 20 shillings per acor 12

one parsel of land one the west sid conitocut riuer

on lay dout > 01

the West lot containing fifty acors and the adission 20 apised by us Nathaniel Foot ) James Treat Sener )

We add other entries which may be of interest in connection with the settlement of this estate.


July 10, 1710. Whereas Benjamin Crane senior had a piece of land granted by the town near Rocky Hill, the court gave half to John and half to Jacob. Now John was dead, and Jacob agreed with John Chester for the estate of John Crane, and James Steel guardian for Josiah, son of John, to divide it, Josiah to have the north half and Jacob (his uncle) to have the south part.

June 11. 1711. Mary Crane of Wethersfield, for the love she bore for her grandson, Benonie Crane, son of Abraham, gave him 1 H acres, being on or near a place in Wethersfield known as or called Cow Plain, being one-half of that lot laid out to said widow Crane free and clear.

June 13, 1713. An agreement between the heirs of Benjamin Crane senior and Benjamin. Jr. Jonathan Crane owned three and one-half acres, for which he was to receive £20 current. The heirs of Abraham Crane paid the £20. and Jonathan Crane signed a release to all claims to the estate.

In the year 1693 we find the number of acres land held by the family in Wethersfield. as follows : Jacob Crane, 51 acres 10-i rods; John Crane. 102 acres 15^ rods; Widow Mary Crane, 106 acres 23 rods; Israel Crane, 109 acres 13 rods; Abraham Crane, 116 acres 9^ rods ; Joseph Crane, 163 acres 24 rods.


11. Benjamin Crane'3 [2], Benjamin' was chosen Rate Maker in 1685. Married 1st Mary Chapman, May 12. 1(386, Capt. Benjamin Newbury performing the ceremony. She died April 5. 1687, aged 22 years. He then married Martha Boardman, horn August 12, 1666. He was drowned June 20, 169:3, in his 38th year. His widow married Samuel Terry of Enfield, June 5, 1697-8, Capt. John Chester performing the ceremony. She died May 29, 1743, in her 77th year, having had five sons and a daughter by her last marriage.

Martha, his widow, exhibited Inventory of estate of Benj. Crane, Jr., January 13, 1693; was appointed administratrix 1693. November 5, 1693, his estate inventoried 55 13 10.

The widow drew land at the allotment in Wethersfield 1694. She was again after her marriage appointed administratrix April 19, 1698. Children:

12—1. Benjamin, born Nov. 7, 1600; .1. Mav, 1093.

13-2. Isaac, born Aug. 19, 1692. d. Sept. Hi, 1712, and left his will, dated Sept. 15, 1712; mentions his four brothers by his mother, Widow Martha, who married Samuel Terry, quite likely children by Mr. Terry. After his debts are paid he wills that his four brothers by his mother have all his estate and to be equally divided, but if any of them are sickly or weakly they should have more than the rest, and further said that he counted that they were the uearest relatives that he had. He appeared before the court and made choice of Lt. Jonathan Borman or Boardman as his guardian. This Jonathan was brother of his mother Martha, and born February 4, 1660, at Wethersfield. Lt. Jonathan accepted the charge, and gave bond May 1, 1710. May 2, 1711, he asked the court to require Samuel Terry of Enfield and Martha, his wife, administratrix on estate late Benjamin Crane, Jr., to render an account of said estate. October 6, 1712, court issued the order to report before first Monday of June next. March 2, 1712-13, they exhibited the account. Nearly the whole estate had been expended on Isaac, the only child of said Benjamin. May 4, 1713, Samuel and Martha were discharged.

The life of Benjamin Crane [2], although brief, was rather an eventful one.

April 3, 1685, he purchased land of John Ryley, and his brother John Crane was witness to the transaction.

April 14, 1686, he took a deed from Nathaniel Foot of land situated iu Wethersfield on the Connecticut River.


April 14, 1690, Daniel Sayre and his wife Sarah of Southamp- ton, N. Y., deeded to Benjamin Crane, Jr., " Tanner," land in Wethersfield.

January 3, 1692, he took a deed of land situated in "South field," Wethersfield, of Thomas Hosmer of Northampton, Mass.

July 2, 1692, Benjamin Crane, Jr., son and heir of Benjamin, late of Wethersfield, deceased, quitclaimed land to his brother Joseph Crane dated "April 19, in ye 4th year of y' reign of our sovereign Lord and Lady, William and Mary" (1692). This document was witnessed by his brother John Crane, and to which both signed their full names. The reader will notice that Benjamin, Jr., was also a tanner; in fact the family seemed to adopt that occupation in connection with the tilling of the soil, Benjamin. Sr., with his brother Henry. Benjamin, Jr.. and brother John, all being tanners, and there may have been others of the family who followed that line of business. According to accessible records Benjamin, Jr., seems to have deferred his marriage rather beyond the average for his time. Early mar- riages were the custom as well as rule in those days, and to defer such an important event until the age of thirty must have required no small degree of independence, fortified with a record of good moral character, for Mr. Royal R. Hinman, the historian, tells us that the general court of the Connecticut colony ordered that no young unmarried man, unless a public officer, or he keep a servant, should keep house alone, except by license of the town, under a penaltv of twenty shillings per week ; and that no head of a family should entertain such young man under a like penalty without liberty from the town.

Benjamin Crane, Jr., was enjoying the confidence of his fellow townsmen when Sir Edmund Andros appeared as the willing tool of King James II. in the capacity of Governor of New England, and whose subsequent actions, including the demand for the surrender of the charter of Connecticut, were so distasteful to the people that more or less criticism was expressed, sometimes it being uot altogether complimentary to the Governor and his associates, and it came to the ears of the officials about Hartford that Benjamin Crane had used language reflecting upon then- good name and character.

Those familiar with our colonial history will remember that Sir Edmund Andros, who had been governor of New York, arrived in Boston. December 20, 1686* with a commission from King- James II. for the government of New England, apparently the object being to bring all the various colonies under one govern- ment, he to" be governor-in-chief, with the seat of government at Boston.

December 22 Andros wrote Governor Robert Treat that he was ready to receive the surrender of the charter of Connecticut and

* History of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay.— Hutchinson.


assume control of all New England. Governor Treat replied that his people were loyal people of his majesty, and wished to continue as such, and should submit to his majesty's royal com- mands, even if it be to conjoin his colony with the other colonies and provinces. A very courteous letter, but rather non-com- mittal. June 13, 1687, Andros again wrote, pressing his demand a little harder.

October 2"2, 1687, he wrote, demanding annexation. October 31 he appeared in Hartford at the head of a troop of soldiers, and formally took possession of the colony, appointed Governor- Robert Treat and Capt. John Allen members of his council, and renewed his demand for the charter ; but during the debate in the General Court, then assembled in Hartford in the evening, suddenly the lights were extinguished and the charter was carried and concealed in a hollow tree standing on the Willys estate; and this tree was subsequently known as the " Charter Oak."

The people were not willing to give up their charter, upon which all their property rights and privileges as citizens were based. They were not pleased with the proposed changes in the new form of government. They were willing to let well enough alone. Dissensions coutinued, not alone in Connecticut, but in Massachusetts as well ; and after Andros had made his tour on through to New York and return, he reached Boston in October, 1688, to find that public sentiment had become aroused against him ; the revolution came, and he was deposed and imprisoned. Escaping from jail he fled to Rhode Island, was there re-arrested, taken back to Massachusetts, and sent to England, and from there he went to Virginia, where he was made governor, but died in London, February 2-i, 1714. With the downfall of Andros, Where did the power of government rest? was the ques- tion that occupied the minds of the people. Should the old officers who were in power when Andros took possession be rein- stated, or new ones elected, and who had authority to call an election? These were perplexing questions ; good people differed as to the proper course to follow. In Hartford there was a sort of public gathering, at which excitement ran high ; votes were taken and doubts expressed as to the result, but at last the vote to reinstate old officers was declared carried, although many per- sons doubted the correctness of that decision. Governor Treat, however, in October, 1690, when challenged as to his jurisdiction in a trial before the court of assistants, claimed the election to have been legal.

Now it seems that Benjamin Crane, Jr., was among those who opposed Andros, and his assistants, and therefore belonged to the party for retaining the old charter. Andros was no stranger to the people of Connecticut. For many years while governor of New York he had been harassing this colony with his unrea- sonable demands, even going to the extent of appearing off Saybrook. July 8, 167.3. with two vessels filled with armed men


to press a lauding for the purpose of taking possession of what was then one of the chief ports of that colony, thus attempting to rob the Connecticut people of valuable territory, of which they had held peaceable possession for nearly forty years. This bold action on the part of Andros aroused the blood of the Con- necticut settlers, who were determined to hold every foot of land covered by their charter, and so impressed the would-be usurper with their firmness that he abandoned the scheme and went on his way for that time, but to appear in another i'61e at a later date. Therefore, in view of the whole situation, it does not at this writing seem strange that when Andros came again to take from them, as they believed, the rights they enjoyed under the old charter the people should express their indignation and distrust. Many of these gentlemen were earnest and outspoken, even using words of contempt for those who were in authority under Andros. Governor Treat, who felt the rebuke most keenly, was determined that the dignity of the office should be maintained ; therefore, as a warning to those who would speak ill of their superiors, an order was issued for the arrest of Benjamin Crane, Jr., he perhaps having been the most forcible or severe in his criticism.

Thus the persecution of Benjamin Crane was instituted, he avoiding arrest on the ground of want of jurisdiction. Those claiming authority had received commissions from Andros, he had been deposed, and they had thrown up their commissions ; and the question, whether or not there had been a legal election to reinstate the present otticials, had not, in the opinion of many people, been fairly settled.

A brief account is given in the following language : " The Court being informed that Benjamin Crane of Wethersrield had spoken some hard words of those gentlemen who had thrown up their commissions, &c, as if they were perjured, &c, they thought there was cause for slander or defamation, so issued a warrant to bring him into court. He resolved not to fall into their hands, absconded, so issued a special rit warrant as they called it to a man that was no officer to take a file of musketeers (musqueteers) and break open his house and serch for him there and apreheud Benjamin Crane and bring him into court. The honest man with the warrant did not know what to do. The people were enraged, and he was liable to be imprisoned if he did not act. So he sends Benjamin notice of it, and then goes with soldiers to the house. Benjamin's wife being big with child near her time, and naturally afraid of guns, kept the door shut against them, and told them her husband was not in the house. But while their leader was at the other end of the house some of the com- pany fetched a log to break the door. She, not thinking they would break in the door, sat where she was near to it. Her brother, seeing them bring the log, told his sister; she no sooner removed than the log came violeutlv against the door and break


it, anrl in they rushed with their arms, frightening her almost to death. Some of the men were ashamed, others very impudent. They found not Benjamin. This woman, though young and nat- urally robust, on account of the fright had a long and severe delivery, and a long infirmity after it."

This attempt to apprehend Mr. Crane must have been made in the autumn of 1690.

In the court records we find the following :

Cocrt Hartford, Nov. 28, 1690. Col. Roet. Treat, Esq., Governor. Whereas the court October last had complaint made to them of Benjamin Crane of his notorious obsine speaking against the authority's. The said court ordered that as soon as they may, call him to account, and punish him for the same, which by the court was attended to, and the court called said Crane to appear before them, and showed him his charge which was for saving the authority was a company of fore sworn wretches, that it was not of the King nor of God but of the Divile, which he aeknowledth in his passion he did say, and also his wishing himself anethema maranatha and that his soule may perish to all eternity if he sub- mitted to this government which was testified against him which he acknowledged he submitted to the testimonie, and the court having considered the case and the circumstances thereof Do judge him worthy of severe punishment as could lie well laid upon him, yet willing to be favorable as may be, Do sentance the said Benjamin Crane to pay a fine of £15 to the treasurer of this country and that the said Crane be committed to prison there to continue till the said 15 lbs is paid and at his release he is to give a £50 bond with sufficient security or sureties for his good behavior till the court in March next and that then he appear and take up his bond. The marshall was ordered upon his denyal of submitting to the servace of the court to convey said Crane to the common goale (and have his mittemus with him)." The court, held Nov. 28, 1690, was made up as follows: Col. Robert Treat, Esq., Governor, Samuel Willys, William Joanes, Lt. Col. Jno. Allyn, Capt. Samuel Talcott, William Pitkin, Nathaniel Stanley. Judging from the following court record Benjamin Crane paid his tine of fifteen pounds, but did not appear before the court iu March, 1691, and may not have been strictly on his good behavior, for his brother John Crane, who signed Benjamin's bond, was called upon to pay the fifty pounds. April 8, 1691. The court ordered " that the clerk of the court do inform John


Crane that they require that he return Benjamin Crane to prison, that he do it within two days, and in failure thereof the court resolve to take the forfeiture of his bond." April 25, 1691.

"John Crane being called three times to appear in court and to bring his brother Benjamin according to his bond. He appeared not. so his bond of £50 is forfeited to the country treasury."

It is a fact worthy of notice that these brothers both died young, and soon after this rather unfortunate political entangle- ment; Benjamin was drowned June 20, 1603, and John died Oct. 21, 1694.

14. Liect. Jonathan Crane3 [3], (Benjamin1), married Deb- orah Griswold, daughter of Francis Griswold, Dec. 19, 1678. She was born May, 1661, and died about 1704. Mr. Griswold was in Windsor in 1649. Went, from there to Saybrook, and from thence, about 1660, to Norwich, where he was among the most enterprising of the early settlers. Was called of Windham, Nor- wich and Lebanon. He died June 6, 173.5. He was one of the first settlers of Windham, Conn., erecting the first sawmill in the town. Mr. Weaver says he was known as a blacksmith in 1715.

Dec. 11, 1690, he purchased of John Calkins of Norwich 1000 acres right in S. E. Quarter No. 2. He was at that time called of Norwich.

October, 1606, he was appointed one of the Overseers of the estate of Robert Wade. Appointed by the Assistants a Lieu- tenant October, 1703. Was chosen Deputy to the General Court from Windham 1701. 1703, 1705, 1707 to 1714, 1717. 1718, 1721 and 1722. Children :

15—1. Sarah, b. Nov. 16, 1680.*

16—2. Jonathan, b. Feb. 2, 1684.

17—3. John, b. Oct. 1, 1687.

13—4. Mary, b. Oct. 20, 1689, m. Jacob Simons April 4, 1710.

19—5. Hannah, b. March 7, 1692. t

20—6. Isaac, b. April 6, 1694.

21—7. Joseph, b. May 17, 1696.

23-ih Deborah"'} b Feb" X60S' both died in 1698' 24-10. Abigail, b. Feb. 15, 1700; m. David Knight Dec. 24, 1718, and lived in Norwich, Conn.

At the first public meeting of the settlers of Windham, Conn., held May 18, 1601, Jonathan Craue was one of the four persons directed to run the town lines, which work had been accom- plished by